Behavior Therapy (Theories of Psychotherapy)

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In future the smell of alcohol produces a memory of vomiting and should stop the patient wanting a drink. More controversially, aversion therapy has been used to "cure" homosexuals by electrocuting them if they become aroused to specific stimuli. Apart from ethical considerations, there are two other issues relating to the use of aversion therapy. First, it is not very clear how the shocks or drugs have their effects.

It may be that they make the previously attractive stimulus e. Second, there are doubts about the long-term effectiveness of aversion therapy. However, it is often much less effective in the outside world, where no nausea-inducing drug has been taken and it is obvious that no shocks will be given.

Types of Therapy

Flooding also known as implosion therapy works by exposing the patient directly to their worst fears. S he is thrown in at the deep end.

For example a claustrophobic will be locked in a closet for 4 hours or an individual with a fear of flying will be sent up in a light aircraft. What flooding aims to do is expose the sufferer to the phobic object or situation for an extended period of time in a safe and controlled environment.


Unlike systematic desensitisation which might use in vitro or virtual exposure, flooding generally involves vivo exposure. Fear is a time limited response. At first the person is in a state of extreme anxiety, perhaps even panic, but eventually exhaustion sets in and the anxiety level begins to go down. Of course normally the person would do everything they can to avoid such a situation. Now they have no choice but confront their fears and when the panic subsides and they find they have come to no harm.

The fear which to a large degree was anticipatory is extinguished. Prolonged intense exposure eventually creates a new association between the feared object and something positive e.

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It also prevents reinforcement of phobia through escape or avoidance behaviors. Flooding is rarely used and if you are not careful it can be dangerous.

Psychoanalysis/Psychodynamic Theory

It is not an appropriate treatment for every phobia. It should be used with caution as some people can actually increase their fear after therapy, and it is not possible to predict when this will occur.

Wolpe reported the case of a client whose anxiety intensified to such as degree that flooding therapy resulted in her being hospitalized. Also, some people will not be able to tolerate the high levels of anxiety induced by the therapy, and are therefore at risk of exiting the therapy before they are calm and relaxed. This is a problem, as existing treatment before completion is likely to strengthen rather than weaken the phobia.

However one application is with people who have a fear of water they are forced to swim out of their depth. It is also sometimes used with agoraphobia. Alexis rated it really liked it Apr 07, Shannon McQueen rated it really liked it May 18, Francis rated it really liked it Dec 08, James R. Warner rated it it was amazing Dec 30, Matt Neputin rated it it was amazing Feb 18, Michael rated it really liked it Jul 26, Chuck rated it it was amazing Jan 02, Brian rated it really liked it Jan 18, Stockfish rated it it was amazing Mar 17, Nadine rated it it was amazing Mar 20, Ryan McGowan rated it it was amazing Jul 11, Ricardo rated it it was amazing May 17, Getsemani Alvarez rated it really liked it Jun 03, Elliot Ramirez rated it really liked it Aug 09, Matt Howe rated it it was amazing Nov 25, Middlethought rated it it was amazing Aug 05, Dr D rated it it was amazing Jul 02, Tess Olson rated it really liked it Apr 26, Muhammed L rated it really liked it Sep 16, G rated it really liked it Nov 29, There are no discussion topics on this book yet.

About Albert Ellis.

Types of Therapy

Albert Ellis. He held M. He is generally considered to be one of the originators of the cognitive revolutionary paradigm shift in psychotherapy and the founder of cognitive-behavioral therapies. Based on a professional survey of USA and Canadian psychologists, he was considered as the second most influential psychotherapist in history Carl Rogers ranked first in the survey; Sigmund Freud was ranked third. Books by Albert Ellis. Trivia About Rational Emotive As you go through the therapy process, your therapist may ask you to do homework — activities, reading or practices that build on what you learn during your regular therapy sessions — and encourage you to apply what you're learning in your daily life.

Your therapist's approach will depend on your particular situation and preferences. Your therapist may combine CBT with another therapeutic approach — for example, interpersonal therapy, which focuses on your relationships with other people.

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CBT is generally considered short-term therapy — ranging from about five to 20 sessions. You and your therapist can discuss how many sessions may be right for you. Factors to consider include:. Except in very specific circumstances, conversations with your therapist are confidential.

However, a therapist may break confidentiality if there is an immediate threat to safety or when required by state or federal law to report concerns to authorities. These situations include:. Cognitive behavioral therapy may not cure your condition or make an unpleasant situation go away. But it can give you the power to cope with your situation in a healthy way and to feel better about yourself and your life. CBT isn't effective for everyone. But you can take steps to get the most out of your therapy and help make it a success.

Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this disease. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Cognitive behavioral therapy CBT is a common type of talk therapy psychotherapy. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic.

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Share on: Facebook Twitter. References What is cognitive behavioral therapy? American Psychological Association. Accessed Feb. National Alliance on Mental Illness. National Institute of Mental Health.

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